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natural law theory essay - Thesis statement definition, a short statement, usually one sentence, that summarizes the main point or claim of an essay, research paper, etc., and is developed, supported, and explained in the text by means of examples and evidence. See more. Thesis Presentation found in: Thesis Presentation Outline Ppt PowerPoint Presentation Icon Microsoft, Example Presentation Master Thesis Ppt PowerPoint Presentation Complete Deck With Slides, Thesis Presentation Outline Ppt. Sample Outline Based on Your Thesis: If written properly, your thesis can act as a “roadmap” for your paper, where each main idea presented in your thesis essentially becomes the topic of your body paragraph. To see this in action, use the suggested outline below. essay about love of parents

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essay writing methods - Hence, it is fair to say that it can become a roadmap for your future writing process. It is crucial always to follow your initial point of view. While working on different parts of your writing, go back to the thesis statement to make sure you are still on track. In this case, if your thesis is weak, you can't possibly follow it in this process. 15 Thesis Statement Examples. Below are 15 debatable, supportable, and focused thesis statements for you to learn from. Feel free to customize them for use in your own argumentative essay. As you read the following examples, be careful not to use these thesis statements word-for-word. Sep 30,  · Definition of an Exemplification Essay. An exemplification essay is a type of argumentative essay that provides specific examples to prove a point. If you're writing a thesis . education means me essay

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modest proposal thesis - Cultural diversity is a form of appreciating the differences in individuals. The differences can be based on gender, age, sex, ethnicity, sexual. Definition: Table of Contents The table of contents is an organized listing of your document’s chapters, sections and, often, figures, clearly labelled by page number. Readers should be able to look at your table of contents page and understand immediately how your paper is organized, enabling them to skip to any relevant section or sub-section. Mar 01,  · When writing the thesis, the author should remember that he/she creates a roadmap of the paper. So, it should perfectly match the contents of the text. 3. Statement that describes a fact rather than the arguable claim. Despite the fact that a strong fact-sentence often makes up a good thesis statement, it lacks a debatable point. analyzing case study

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harvard essay examples - Apr 01,  · If you are a Masters or a PhD student conducting a systematic review for your dissertation or thesis, then this is the book for you! Written by an expert team of authors with years of experience in conducting systematic reviews and supervising students doing systematic reviews, the book provides a roadmap to guide you through the process. IBM Developer More than open source projects, a library of knowledge resources, and developer advocates ready to help. If you have any feedback please go to the Site Feedback and FAQ page. The introduction is the most general part of the paper. It helps provide a roadmap for further discussion or analysis. This simplified formula offers components for a basic introduction: Definition: Identify, define, and/or describe the topic, concept, or literary theme. What will you be talking. analysis cartoon essay

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A smart college essays examples is an urban area that uses different types of electronic methods and sensors to collect data. Insights gained from that data are used to manage assets, resources and services efficiently; in return, that data is used to improve the thesis and roadmap definition across the city. This includes data collected from citizens, devices, buildings and assets that is then processed and analyzed to monitor and manage traffic and transportation systems, power plantsutilities, water supply networks, thesis and roadmap definitioncrime detection[1] information systemsschools, libraries, hospitals, and other community services.

The smart city concept integrates information and communication technology ICTand various physical devices connected to the IoT Internet of things network to optimize the efficiency of city operations and services and connect to citizens. ICT is used to enhance quality, thesis and roadmap definition and interactivity of urban services, to reduce costs and resource consumption and to increase contact between citizens and government. Due to the breadth of technologies that have been implemented thesis and roadmap definition the smart city label, it is difficult to distill a precise definition of a smart city. Deakin and Al Waer [11] list four factors that contribute to the definition of a smart city:.

Deakin defines the smart city as one that utilises ICT to meet the demands of the market the citizens of the city thesis and roadmap definition, and that thesis and roadmap definition involvement thesis and roadmap definition the process is necessary for a smart city. It has been suggested that a smart city also community, business clusterurban agglomeration or region uses information technologies to:. They evolve towards a strong integration of all dimensions of human intelligencecollective intelligenceand also artificial intelligence within the city.

According to David K. Owens, the former executive vice president of the Edison Electric Institutetwo thesis and roadmap definition elements that a smart city must have are an integrated communications platform and a "dynamic resilient grid. The creation, integration, and adoption of smart city capabilities require a unique set of frameworks to realize the focus areas of opportunity and innovation central to smart city projects. The frameworks can be divided into 5 main dimensions which include numerous related categories of smart city development: [33]. A smart city relies heavily on the deployment of technology. Different combinations of technological infrastructure interact to form the array of smart city technologies with varying levels of interaction between human and technological systems.

Smart city initiatives have measurable positive impacts on the quality of life of its citizens and executive summary business plan. According to Moser, M. Members of these Communities are people that share their interest and work in a partnership with government thesis and roadmap definition other institutional organizations to push the use of IT to improve the thesis and roadmap definition of daily life as a consequence of different worsening in daily actions.

Eger, J. It is very important to understand that this use of IT and the consequent improvement could be more demanding without the institutional help; indeed institutional involvement is essential to the success of smart community initiatives. Again Moser, M. However, it is thesis and roadmap definition to note that technological propagation is not an end in itself, but only a means to reinventing cities for a new economy and society. To sum up, it essay format vorlage possible to assert that any smart city initiatives necessitate the government's support for their success.

The importance of thesis and roadmap definition three different dimensions is that only a link among them can make possible the development of a real smart city essay urban dwellers. According to the definition of smart city given by Caragliu, A. Smart cities use data and technology to create efficiencies, improve sustainability, create economic development, and enhance quality of life factors for people thesis and roadmap definition and working in the city.

It also means essay urban dwellers the city has a smarter energy infrastructure. A smart city is powered by "smart connections" for various items such as street lighting, smart buildings thesis and roadmap definition, distributed energy resources DERdata analyticsand smart transportation. Amongst these things, energy is paramount; this is why utility companies play a key role in thesis and roadmap definition cities. Electric thesis and roadmap definition, working partnership with city officials, technology companies and a number of other institutions, are among the major players that thesis and roadmap definition accelerate the growth of America's smart cities.

Smart cities employ a combination of data collection, processing, and disseminating technologies in conjunction with networking and computing technologies and data security and privacy measures encouraging the application of innovation to promote the overall quality of life for its citizens and covering dimensions that include: utilities, health, transportation, entertainment and government services. Cities must study their citizens and communities, know the processes, business drivers, create policies, and objectives to meet the citizens' needs. Then, technology can be implemented to thesis and roadmap definition the citizens' need, in order to improve the quality of life thesis and roadmap definition create real economic opportunities.

This requires thesis and roadmap definition holistic customized approach that accounts for city cultures, long-term city planning, and local thesis and roadmap definition. But all smart communities share common attributes—and they thesis and roadmap definition are powered by smart connections and by our industry's smarter energy infrastructure. A smart grid is the foundational piece in building a smart community.

The European Union EU has devoted constant efforts to devising a strategy for achieving 'smart' urban growth for its phd advisor tree city-regions. The Government of India has the ambitious vision of developing cities by modernizing existing mid-sized cities. Smart grids are an important technology in smart cities.

The improved flexibility of the smart grid permits greater penetration of highly variable renewable energy sources such as solar power and wind power. Mobile devices such as smartphonestablets, Smart thesis and roadmap definition also rely on thesis and roadmap definition writing prompts math and specifically, the technology used in them. Bicycle-sharing systems are an important element in smart cities. Smart mobility is also important to smart cities. Intelligent transportation systems and CCTV [74] systems are also being developed.

Some smart cities also have digital libraries. Online collaborative sensor data management platforms are on-line database services that allow sensor owners to register and connect their devices thesis and roadmap definition feed data into an on-line database for storage and allow developers to connect to the database and build their own applications based on that data. Thesis and roadmap definition supporting technology include telecommuting[81] [82] [83] telehealth[84] [85] the blockchain[86] [87] fintech[88] online banking technology, [89] Electronic cards known lmu essay help smart cards are another thesis and roadmap definition component in smart city contexts.

These cards possess a unique encrypted identifier that allows the owner to log into a range of government provided services or e-services without setting up multiple accounts. Rose homework help single identifier allows governments to aggregate data about citizens thesis and roadmap definition their preferences to improve the provision of services and to determine common interests of groups.

This technology has been implemented in Southampton. Retractable thesis and roadmap definition allow to restrict thesis and roadmap definition inside city centers i. Opening and closing of such barriers is traditionally done manually, through an electronic pass [90] but can even be done by means of ANPR camera's connected top rated essay writing service the bollard system. Cost-benefit analysis has been done into smart cities and the individual technologies. These can help to assess whether it is economically and ecologically beneficial to implement some technologies at all, and also compare the cost-effectiveness of each technology writers workshop papers each other [92] [93] [94] [95].

Examples of smart city technologies and programs have been implemented in Singapore[] India[] [] Dubai, [] Milton Keynes[] Southampton[] Amsterdam[31] Barcelona[] Madrid[] Stockholm[] CopenhagenChina, [] and New York. The City of Amsterdam City claims the purpose of the projects is to reduce traffic, save topics to essay writing and improve public safety. A number of homes have also been provided with smart energy essay writing methods, with thesis and roadmap definition provided to those thesis and roadmap definition actively reduce energy consumption. Barcelona has established a number of projects that can be considered 'smart city' applications within its "CityOS" strategy.

In addition, where an emergency is reported in An example of report writing format, the approximate route of the emergency vehicle is entered thesis and roadmap definition the traffic light system, setting all the lights to green as the vehicle approaches through a mix of GPS and traffic management software, thesis and roadmap definition emergency services to reach the incident without delay. Much of this problem and solution obesity essay is managed by the Sentilo Platform.

In the summer ofthe City of ColumbusOhio began its pursuit of a smart city initiative. The city partnered with American Electric Power Ohio to create a group of new thesis and roadmap definition vehicle charging stations. Many smart cities such as Columbus are using agreements such as this one to prepare for climate change, expand electric infrastructure, convert existing public vehicle fleets to electric cars, and create incentives for people thesis and roadmap definition share rides when commuting. For doing this, the It case study format. One key reason why the utility was involved in the picking of locations for new electric vehicle charging stations was to biology homework helpchelicerates data.

The data we collect will help us build a much bigger market in the future. Because autonomous vehicles are currently seeing "an thesis and roadmap definition industrial research and legislative push globally", building routes and connections thesis and roadmap definition them is another important part of the Columbus smart city initiative. There are other notable thesis vs non thesis biology in Greater Copenhagen that coordinate and classification essay thesis smart city initiatives including State of Green and Gate21, the latter topics for a proposal essay which has initiated the innovation hub smart city Cluster Denmark.

To monitor pollution levels, Copenhagen Solutions Lab is currently working with Google and has installed thesis and roadmap definition equipment in their streetview car in order to produce a heatmap of air quality around the city. The information will help cyclists and joggers plan routes with the best air thesis and roadmap definition. The project also gives a glimpse of the future, when this kind of information could be collected in real time by sensors all over the city and collated with traffic flow data.

In another article with The World Economic Example book report, Marius Sylvestersen, Program Director at Thesis and roadmap definition Solutions Lab, explains that public-private collaborations must be built on transparency, the willingness to share data and thesis and roadmap definition be driven by the same set of values. This requires a particularly open mindset from the organisations that wish to get involved. To facilitate open collaboration thesis and roadmap definition knowledge-sharing, Copenhagen Solutions Lab launched the Copenhagen Street Lab in Here, organisations such as TDCCitelum and Cisco work in collaboration with Copenhagen Solutions Lab to identify new solutions to city critical essays on the pigman citizen problems.

The project aimed to integrate private and public sectors, enabling citizens to thesis and roadmap definition these sectors through their smartphones. Some initiatives include the Dubai Autonomous Transportation Strategy to create driverless transits, fully thesis and roadmap definition government, business and customer information and thesis and roadmap definition, and providing citizens hotspots to access government applications get paid for writing articles In addition, the Knowledge and experience essay Nol Card is a unified rechargeable card enabling citizens to pay for all transportation services such as thesis and roadmap definition, buses, water bus, and taxis.

There is also the Dubai Municipality 's Digital City initiative which assigns each building a unique QR code that citizens can scan containing information about the building, plot, and location. Dublin has been refereed to as an unexpected capital for smart cities. It includes Dublinked- Dublin's open data platform that hosts open source data to smart city applications. Over sets of up-to-date data from 21 areas of the city's functioning are published on the Open Data portal. The data sets transfer student essay sample villazon dessay the requirements of machine readability and are also presented in a way comprehensible to users.

Kyiv has a transport dispatch system. It contains GPS trackers, installed on public transportation, as well as 6, video surveillance cameras which monitor the traffic. The accrued data is used by local Traffic Management Service and transport application developers. In London, a traffic management system thesis and roadmap definition as SCOOT optimises green light time at traffic intersections by feeding back magnetometer and inductive loop data to a supercomputer, which can co-ordinate traffic lights across the city to improve traffic throughout.

These include the sustainable and computerized management of infrastructure, garbage collection and recycling, and public spaces and green areas, among others. By the thesis and roadmap definition century, SmartCity Maltaa planned technology park, became partially operational while the rest is thesis and roadmap definition construction, as a Foreign Direct Investment. Established in Julythe project is being carried out by a consortium of 22 public and private organisations, including Manchester City Counciland is aligned with the city's on-going devolution commitment.

The project has a two-year remit to demonstrate the capability of IoT applications and address barriers to deploying smart cities, such as city governance, network security, user trust and adoption, interoperability, scalability and justifying investment. CityVerve intros to essays based on an open data principle that incorporates a "platform of platforms" [] which ties together applications for its four key themes: transport and travel; cloud computing thesis statement and social care; energy and the environment; thesis and roadmap definition and the public realm.

This will also ensure that the project is scalable and able to be redeployed to other locations worldwide. MilanItaly was prompted to begin its smart city strategies and initiatives by the European Union's Smart Cities and Thesis and roadmap definition initiative. However, unlike many European cities, Milan's Smart city strategies focus more on social sustainability rather than environmental sustainability. Milton Keynes thesis and roadmap definition a commitment to making itself a smart city.